5 Things To Know before Purchasing Portable Generator

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In present increasingly technological world, people are accustomed to having everything they want precisely when they need it. Because of this, even an hour power cut can make the people feel a big burden to them. Thanks to portable generators, we can get the power at any time almost at any place you need it. However, when you find overwhelming choices of portable generators for sale, the biggest question for you would be how can you be sure that you are buying a dependable and top-notch generator machine that can provide the required power for your application. Here are five things to know before purchasing a portable generator.

Generators with oil guard and wheel kit


Purchasing a portable generator that can shut down itself when the engine runs out of the oil level is the best choice. This oil guard protects the generator engine from damage by shutting down it automatically, if the oil level falls below the minimum level. However, only more expensive models offer this feature. On the other hand, most of the generators will not come with a wheel kit. Some require you to purchase the wheel kit separately, so make sure that the generator you buy has wheel kit.

 

Noise Level and Requirement of voltage

No one likes the noise. How much noise the generator produces can be one of the factors that you have to consider before you purchase the generator. Of course, a quiet generator will be preferred by all consumers if everything else is equal. Generally, small size generators have the option of a quiet design. If you’re tailgating or camping in an area that allows generators, your neighbours will appreciate the consideration.

 

General low voltages of the generators are 120/208 volts three phase, 120/240 volts single phase, 277/480 volts three phase and 120/240 volts three phase. If you are unsure, your electrician can provide this information.

Warranty duration

 

The standard warranty for the portable generator systems typically ranges from 1 year to 6 years depending on the generator type. On the other hand, industrial generator comes with a one or two year warranty along with operational upgraded. Whereas, the residential generator come with a warranty of two to five years and offer optional upgrades. Before you purchase a generator, it is best to understand the warranty duration and coverage of your standby system. It is also best to choose a reputable company that provides installation of the generator. Some buyers may have a company in mind when deciding to purchase a generator while others may benefit from a referral.

 

Generator running time with a tank of fuel



As per Bestgeneratorsguide.com Most portable generators available on the market today run for 7 hours to 15 hours on half of the load, which is more than enough to leave them on for the night. It is very important to know how long does the generator run on a tank of fuel before u purchase it.

 

Economy mode or an electric throttle

 

Though these are not ‘must-have’ features, these features are the best way to enhance the efficiency of your generator and to get more power for longer. These features work by adjusting the speed of the engine speed to meet the electrical load, decrease the emissions and fuel use when you don’t require the generator’s full power. Most of the inverter generators these days are fitted with an eco throttle.

 

Electricity

All About Electricity – Science of Power Generation & Energy

At the most basic level, electricity is best to be regarded as a flow of electrons. The more pressing issue
would be to understand how this flow occurs and the causes that bring about the flow of charges or the
electrons.

The basic structure of the elements

Atom- elements
The atom of any element is the simplest and unbroken entity that can exist freely. In the atom, there are
two charged particles; the electrons and the protons. Under certain controlled situations, the electrons can
be made to get detached from the parent atom, and this free particle can move under certain conditions
too. It is this movement of the electrons which causes the flow of electricity.
Now, it is not possible to separate out the electrons from all elements with equal ease. Thus we have the
broad classification of elements into the conductors and non-conductors. The conductors allow electric
current to pass through while the non-conductors are impervious to the flow of electrical charges.

Understanding electrical potential

Put forth very simply, the electric potential is nothing but the electrical pressure that is build up across
two separate charged terminals. Thus the higher the pressure that is built up, the faster is the flow of
electrons or electricity between the two points. Conversely, there is more energy in the higher potential
than the lower potential, and it is this factor that comes into play when higher voltages are handled in
everyday use.
Volt is the unit of measure of electrical potential, and the standard household uses 220V or 100V,
depending on the system prevalent at the location.

Creating the needed electrical potential

It would be very evident from the above argument that flow of electricity can be brought about by simply
creating the needed potential. And this is the very basis of generation of the electricity. One of the most
common ways of creating potential is in the electrical generator which seeks to create motion of the
electrons by having a varying magnetic field act upon a set of conductors. This in effect brings on
development of potential and causes the flow of electricity between two terminals.

Who invented electricity?

benjamin franklin
Electricity as a phenomenon has been in existence on earth ever since its creation. The bursts of lightning between two cloud formations are nothing but a flow of electricity. But the credit to having established the existence of electrical charges and which in effect lead to the creation of the field of electrical power has been credited to Benjamin Franklin, who in the mid-1700 did some pioneering work towards the establishment of the area as such. Another equally important and something that went on to make the use of electricity more popular and widely accepted is the creation of the light bulb by Thomas Edison in the 1880s. This very act made the till then exotic field of electricity more people friendly and hence of use to the general population.

In fact, with the invention of the electric bulb, it became evident that the flow of electrical charges can be put to good use. This feature could for all practical purposes signal the birth of the electrical industry. There were a lot more individuals that made their contributions felt in the further progress of the field. Notable were Michale Faraday; the originator of the inductions coil, Nicola Tesla; who developed further on the basic structure of the present day electrical generation, transmission and distribution and soon. It would be best to consider the development of electricity as a collaborative effort than attribute it to a single individual alone.

Power Plants

The Science Behind Power Generation & Types of Power Plants

What is Meant by Power Plant?

A power production station or a power plant is nothing but an industrialist area that is used for the
production of electric power and also for electric power distribution in large scale, usually in the order of several 1000 Watts. The power plants are usually located at the suburban areas or at several kilometres away from the load centres or cities, because of its requisites like more water demand and land the requirement, as well as operating constraints like the waste. So only power plants have, but also it has to take care about the fact that the power is transmitted efficiently over the total distance and that is the reason why the transformer switchyard to regulate the voltage transmission also becomes an integral part of the power plant.

How is Electricity Generated from Power Plant?

Electricity/ power passed through the wires to light lamps and run a computer, refrigerators, TVs, and all other electrical appliances. But the question is from where does this electricity/power come from? A simple form of an electrical generator consists of a rotating copper coil, a strong magnet, and a power source for coil spin. The power source can be either a turbine or a motor. The rotor coil present in it continually interrupts the magnetic field lines of force, producing electrical current. Most of the power plants present in huge countries are of large size boilers that burn the fuel to produce heat, and this heat is utilized to boil the water to prepare steam. This steam is fed to the turbine under high pressure. The turbine shaft and spins are connected to a turbogenerator that converts the mechanical spinning energy into the electricity.

Types of Power Stations

The main function of a power plant is to use coal, oil, etc., and convert it into electricity. A huge power plant can produce sufficient energy to run nearly three million homes. Power plants generally produce a large amount of electricity as they consume more quantity of fuel. Power plant station can be of different types based on the type of fuel used in it. However, for the purpose of bulk power generation, only hydropower, nuclear and thermal power comes in handy. So power plant is generally classified in the 3 above-mentioned types. Following are some of the types of power plants:

Gas Turbine

One of the main advantages of natural gas is generating electricity. The basic function of a gas turbine under high pressure is to ignite gas to make it combustible. This combustible gas is then given turbines to drive them. There are few common points between different types of power plants so far as functionality is concerned, and one of the similarities is the use of generators and turbines.

Steam-Driven

Most of the power plants produce heat by burning the fuel. A steam-electric power plant using a steam-driven generator produce more amount of power. In this type, water is heated to produce the steam, and then the steam is utilized to drive a steam turbine in order to run generators.

Hydroelectric

Just like other power plants, hydroelectric power plant systems don’t produce heat or steam to run turbines. In this system, a large amount of water is used to run the turbines that directly drive the electricity generators. A dam is a perfect example of the hydroelectric power plant. Compared with others, electricity produced by hydroelectric systems is relatively cheap.